What is CBD oil?

Cannabinoids (CBD) makes one of more than 100 chemical compounds present in marijuana plants. CBD is non-psychoactive cannabinoid. Recent research has revealed that CBD counteract the psychotic effects associated with cannabis. CBD Has been proven to be effective in controlling common conditions in humans and animals. Before we explore the side-effects associated with CBD oil, let’s first look at a few facts about CBD.

History of CBD oil

The marijuana has been used to treat various health conditions since the 19th century. CBD was used by Queen Victoria to alleviate her menstrual cramp. Speculations on medical benefits of marijuana started in 1998. Various scientists were motivated to do a lot of research on the plant marijuana as a result of speculation about its medicinal properties.

Medical benefits of CBD oil came into limelight in 2010 when a family from Missoula, Montana used marijuana to treat their 20 years son who was suffering from brain cancer. The family had tried conventional treatment methods before embarking on CBD as their last option and were surprised when it cured the condition.

With technology advancement, scientists are able to separate CBD from other compounds which are psychoactive. This has enabled people to use CBD without getting “High”
Cannabinoids extracted from marijuana are usually added in carrier oils such as coconut or olive oil to make them ingestible.

The difference between CBD oil and THC

Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol THC are the most common compounds in cannabis. Despite the fact that CBD and THC are found in the same plant, they have been found to have totally different effects when consumed. While CBD is not-psychoactive and has healing effect, THC is very psychoactive and has been the reason why many people use marijuana for entertainment.

cannabidiol tincture

cannabis cbd leaf

CBD oil extracted from cannabis is effective in treating and controlling conditions such as; Insomnia, sleeping disorder, Poor metabolic function, low appetite, Skin conditions, Cancer, chronic disease, Weak immune, Arthritis, Anxiety, depression, stress, Inflammation and chronic pain.

When consumed, Cannabinoids are known to bind themselves to CB1 and CB2 receptors. The receptors are known to control inflammation, pain control, mood and regulating the body temperature.

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Side Effects of CBD Oil

Given all the benefits associated with the use of CBD oil, it is only natural to be concerned about its possible side effects.
However it is important to note that CBD is not Psychoactive, they only have traces of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which are not enough to cause “High” effects.
Use of CBD oil does not affect:
• Behaviour
• Consciousness
• Sensory awareness
• Reaction time
• Perception

Since CBD is extracted form cannabis plant (Hemp), CBD has an effect of affecting the human endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoid system is responsible for controlling a wide range of body metabolic activities such as mood, anxiety, pain, immune system and appetite. Continuous use of CBD has been associated with some side effects. Some of these side effects include:

Dry mouth:

People who use CBD oils have continuously complained about an unpleasant dry sensation in the mouth. This effect is brought about by the ability of endocannabinoid system to inhibit saliva secretion.

Low blood pressure

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Taking high doses of CBD oil has an effect of reducing the blood pressure within the first few minutes after taking the oil. Low blood pressure makes people experience light headedness.

Drowsiness From Cannabidiol

Taking high doses of CBD oil have an effect of making a person to feel sleepy and lethargic. It is thus advisable for people that you don’t drive or operate heavy machinery after taking CBD oil.

CBD oil taken in right quantities however acts as a wake inducing agent.

Effects Of CBD on Drug metabolism

CBD oil has an effect of decreased activities of p-glycoprotein, pharmaceutical and hepatic drug metabolism. CBD oil have an effect on pharmaceuticals as it inhibits the activities of some liver enzymes known as Cytochrome P450. Cytochrome P450 is responsible for breaking down of most of pharmaceutical drugs taken to cure various conditions in the body. CBD oil has an effect of neutralizing the activities of Cytochrome P450 enzymes and thus interfering with the break down and absorption of drugs inside the body.
Despite the fact that this is regarded as a side effect, CBD neutralizes the effect of THC in the same manner.

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